ASSIGNMENT代寫

新西蘭教育學代寫assignment 批判性教育

2020-07-11 18:22

McLaren(2012)指出,批判性教育學旨在理解權力和知識之間的關系。這表明,教育既支配著個人,又解放了個人。例如,教育制度復制了社會階級和資本主義,但這可能會受到學生的質疑。批判性教學法尋求從教育者那里轉移知識,幫助學生理解、認識和研究資本主義社會的政治、社會和經濟基礎。在教育領域,主導文化和群體對從屬群體行使支配和壓迫的概念被稱為霸權。這種話語在教育中很普遍,因為主導話語決定了教師使用的方法和教學法,以及教育者傳達的價值觀和信念。麥克拉倫指出,教育方面的知識具有歷史和社會根源,并受到主導群體的利益約束。獲得的知識是在教育中以特定的方式和社會構建的。這意味著知識是個體之間“協議或同意的產物”(第6頁)。麥克拉倫討論了哈貝馬斯關于不同類型知識的論點。首先,知識是可以測量和量化的。像這樣的知識是通過考試來展示的,并根據這些知識的結果來打分。其次,學生將獲得實踐知識,可以塑造他們的日常生活。這可以參考學生在人際交往方面學到的技能。第三,有解放性知識。這是傳授給學生的知識,讓他們了解社會關系是如何被權力和特權扭曲的。這為批判性教學法提供了基礎。麥克拉倫認為,教育不僅僅是知識的灌輸和社會化,它還具有賦予力量和變革的力量。因此,批判性教學法是一種理解、談判和轉變關系、知識和社會結構的方式,目的是為了創造一個更公正、更公平的社會。
新西蘭教育學代寫assignment 批判性教育
McLaren (2012) states that critical pedagogy aims to understand the relationship between power and knowledge. It is suggested that education both dominates and liberates individuals. For example, the educational system reproduces social class and capitalism but this can be contested by students. Critical pedagogy seeks the transferring of knowledge from educators to help students understand, recognise and examine the political, social and economic foundations of a capitalist society. Within education, the notion of dominant cultures and groups exercising domination and oppression over subordinate groups is referred to as hegemony. This discourse is prevalent in education as dominant discourses determine the approaches and pedagogy teachers’ use and the values and beliefs that educators convey. McLaren notes that knowledge in education is historically and socially rooted and is interest-bound by dominant groups. Knowledge acquired is structured in particular ways and socially constructed within education. This means that knowledge is ‘the product of agreement or consent’ (p. 6) between individuals. McLaren discusses Habermas’ argument of the different types of knowledge. Firstly, there is the knowledge which can be measured and quantified. Knowledge like this is presented through the taking of examinations and being awarded a grade as a result of that knowledge. Secondly, students will acquire practical knowledge which can shape their everyday lives. This could reference the skills that students learn regarding interpersonal skills. Thirdly, there is emancipatory knowledge. This is the knowledge passed to students to allow them to understand how social relationships are distorted by power and privilege. This provides the foundation for critical pedagogy. McLaren argues that education is not just about indoctrination of knowledge and socialisation but also that it has the power to empower and transform. Therefore, critical pedagogy is a way of understanding, negotiating, and transforming relationships, knowledge and societies structures in order to create a more just, and fairer society.

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